Program
2024

17 June
Monday 17-06-2024
time 15:30
Teatro Sperimentale - Sala Pasolini

Il mio film

William Raban

SURFACE TENSION

Regno Unito 1974-76 , 12'

 

LEZIONI DI STORIA 7# PESARO 2024
ESPANDERE LA VISIONE - FILM MULTISCHERMO DEGLI ANNI '60 E '70

William Raban - Surface Tension (1974-76)
film in 16mm su doppio schermo digitalizzato su video monocanale, 12’
«Surface Tension riguarda direttamente gli elementi della proiezione cinematografica: il fotogramma, lo schermo, l’otturatore del proiettore. L’inquadratura luminosa proveniente da un proiettore in azione a vuoto, senza pellicola, veniva filmata da una macchina da presa, che poi zoomava in avanti e all’indietro, quindi avvicinandosi al centro dell’inquadratura e poi allontanandosi, mentre la velocità di ripresa variava: a velocità elevata (che produce un ralenti) la pellicola cattura l’apertura e la chiusura dell’otturatore, producendo così lo sfarfallio intermittente che si vede nel film. Dopo aver sviluppato la pellicola più volte per aumentare il contrasto fino a ottenere i toni puri del bianco e nero, sono stati generati un negativo e una copia positiva identica, poi proiettati sovrapposti uno sull’altra durante l’evento di presentazione. In teoria l’immagine negativa dovrebbe cancellare quella positiva e dar luogo a uno schermo neutro, ma nella realtà le inevitabili fluttuazioni di velocità di scorrimento della pellicola creano una tensione fra i rettangoli di luce accoppiati che si sovrappongono come con margini fuori registro e quindi producono oscillazioni. Su ambedue le pellicole, positivo e negativo, c’è una banda sonora, ed entrambe vengono riprodotte tramite distinti altoparlanti. La banda sonora è l’immagine, l’immagine è il suono. Il centro dell’area delle immagini è stato stampato direttamente sulla banda sonora ottica al margine della pellicola». (William Raban)
William Raban (1948) è uno dei maggiori artisti e cineasti sperimentali della Gran Bretagna degli ultimi decenni, noto soprattutto per i suoi film di paesaggio, i film-performance e le proiezioni multischermo. Per Raban lo schermo cinematografico è sia una finestra per la proiezione esterna sia uno specchio che riflette il processo della costruzione del film, oltre che uno spazio in cui gli spettatori possono acquisire consapevolezza del loro coinvolgimento.

Alla presenza del curatore

   

 

EXPANDING VISION – MULTI-SCREEN FILMS OF THE SIXTIES AND SEVENTIES

a programme curated by Federico Rossin

For Adriano Aprà

Multi-screen films are a unique cinematic experience, enveloping the audience in both spatial and sensory terms. In this immersive film experience, which rejects the single-screen synthesis and moves towards the open work, the third dimension of real space is incorporated into the staging of the event, dissolving the boundary between the architectural ‘room’ and the spaces of virtual projection to establish a poetic space of mixed reality.
From the late 1950s, multi-screen projection broke forth in the pavilions of international fairs worldwide: suffice it to mention Roman Kroitor, Alexander Hammid, Francis Thompson, just a few of the great filmmakers who tested their experimental research and practice with the general public. The works of Nam June Paik, Aldo Tambellini, and Juan Downey followed closely, creating spectacular events in which they used multiple media, attracting large and diverse crowds composed of artists, connoisseurs, onlookers, and cinephiles. Establishing an actual dialogue between avant-garde film and the other media, these multi-screen events helped experimental traditions and audiences interplay not only between themselves, but also with mainstream technologies and spectators.
Over this sparkling period of experimentation, artists from all disciplines devoted their attention to the material qualities of the screen, to the spaces in which these screens appeared, and the communities that would gather around them. In many cases, the filmmakers themselves would play the roles of programmers, distributors, and projectionists of their experimental films (Kenneth Anger used three synchronous projectors and three screens to show his Inauguration of the Pleasure Dome at the Brussels International Experimental Film Festival in 1958). The experimental screens of the 1960s and 70s, in all their forms, saw the convergence of different media and different milieus for the first time: the art world (e.g., Andy Warhol and his Outer and Inner Space and Chelsea Girls, 1966), the world of avant-garde film (let us not forget Jordan Belson, who was Visual Director of the Vortex concerts at the San Francisco Morrison Planetarium from 1957), and mainstream audiences got together for the first time.
The ‘new vanguard’ filmmakers of the 1950s and 60s were fully conscious they belonged to an old story (Maurice Lemaître’s syncinema, 1952) and therefore tried to rekindle the connections with the 1920s avant-garde artists, those who first had theorized multi-screen ‘expanded’ cinema – initially in very imaginative books (László Moholy-Nagy’s polycinema, Dynamik der Großstadt, 1921-22) and then practised in live performances (Oskar Fischinger, Raumlichtkunst, 1926) or spectacular films (Abel Gance’s polyvision: Napoléon, 1927).
Dominique Noguez found the origins of this screen multiplication in cinema in a series of closely linked desires: the desire to extend the screen; the desire to create immersive spaces, integrating cinema with other recorded media; the desire to use cinema performatively, coming into direct contact with the audience; and the desire to explore the film process – the deconstruction of the elements of cinema in which the work becomes the elements themselves.
The experimental film production of the 1960s and 70s expanded not only the notion of screen, but also that of the whereabouts in which screens could be placed and used. Gene Youngblood, in his pioneering book Expanded Cinema (1970), documented this multiplication of screens citing experiments with vans used as mobile cinemas, portable inflatable screens and projections in artists' spaces and galleries, in public and private television stations, on concert stages in combination with live music, in planetariums, in private homes, in university classrooms, in churches and clubs, and in huge multi-screen locations, which used multiple media simultaneously such as projections in different film formats (IMAX, 35mm, 16mm, and 8mm), slide projectors, and TV monitors. Immersive cinema ranged from the concept of ‘expanded cinema’ introduced by the counterculture movement of the 1960s to the multi-projection video art installations of the 1970s, from unframed hemispherical projections to the cinematic collage of assorted projections, originally projected in the dome of a planetarium made by Stan VanDerBeek in his Movie-Drome from 1965 onwards: the aim was always to facilitate a certain ‘mental mutation’ in the audience.
The select, but significant two- or three-screen film projections that we propose were conceived to be dazzling audiovisual events and aspired to deeply engage the audience. Having two or more images projected makes it possible to analyse, play with, or create all sorts of new synoptic possibilities for the artist and the audience. The relationships between shots and images can be explored not only sequentially, i.e., one after the other in time, but also simultaneously and through the physical space of the film screen. The immersive and hypnotic qualities of light, image, editing, and double projection – and their psychological impact on the individual – are explored with extraordinary effects that multiply the possibilities of expanding consciousness and analysing the film machine. A synesthetic universe in which we want to plunge into again, body and soul!
Federico Rossin

 

ALL SCREENING ARE FREE


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PFF60 14-22 06 2024
ALL PROJECTIONS
ARE FREE